Vice Presidents of the United States

 

John Adams - 1st Vice President

Administration: George Washington
Term: April 21, 1789 to March 4, 1797
Born: October 30, 1735, Braintree, Massachusetts
Wife: Abigail Smith
Marriage: October 25, 1764, Weymouth, Massachusetts
Died: July 4, 1826, Quincy, Massachusetts
Burial Site: First Parish Unity Church, Quincy, Massachusetts
Home State: Massachusetts
Party: Federalist
Career Highlights: -Graduated from Harvard College (1755) -Admitted to the Massachusetts bar (1758) -Elected to the Massachusetts legislature (1768) -Delegate to the Continental Congress (1774-78) -Although he was known as a champion of the cause of American independence, he defended the British soldiers accused of the Boston Massacre (1775) -Signer and one of the drafters of The Declaration of Independence (1776) -Commissioner to France (1778) -Minister to the Netherlands (1780) -Minister to England (1785-88) -Vice President of the United States (1789-97) -He was not Washington's "Running Mate," although they were political allies -As first presiding officer of the Senate, he signed the Bill of Rights (1789) -President of the United States (1797-1801) -The first of five Vice Presidents to be elected to the Presidency on his own (1800) -One of three Vice Presidents to die on the Fourth of July (1826) -His son was a President, his grandson an Ambassador and Presidential candidate, and two of his great-grandsons became noteworthy historians

 

Thomas Jefferson - 2nd Vice President

Administration: John Adams
Term: March 4, 1797 to March 4, 1801
Born: April 13, 1743, Shadwell, Virginia
Wife: Martha Wayles Skelton
Marriage: January 1, 1772, Williamsburg, Virginia
Died: July 4, 1826, “Monticello” in Virginia
Burial Site: “Monticello” in Virginia
Home State: Virginia
Party: Democratic-Republican
Career Highlights: -Graduated from the College of William And Mary (1762) -Admitted to the Virginia bar (1767) -Virginia House of Burgesses (1769-74) -Signer and one of the drafters of The Declaration of Independence (1776) -Governor of Virginia (1779-81) -Governor Jefferson was almost captured by British troops in 1781 -Member of the Continental Congress (1783-1784) -Minister to France (1785-89) -Secretary of State (1790-93) -Received Electoral Votes for President in 1792 -Vice President of the United States (1797-1801) -President of the United States (1801-09) -The House of Representatives decided his election, as President, because he and his running mate, Aaron Burr, received the same number of Electoral Votes (1801) -The second of five Vice Presidents to be elected to the Presidency on his own -Louisiana Purchase approved (1803) -Founded of the University of Virginia (1816) and served as first rector until 1822 -Retired to his plantation, Monticello -One of three Vice Presidents to die on the Fourth of July (1826)

 

Aaron Burr - 3rd Vice President

Administration: Thomas Jefferson
Term: March 4, 1801 to March 4, 1805
Born: February 6, 1756, Newark, New Jersey
Wife: Theodosia Bartow Prevost
Marriage: July 2, 1782, Paramus, New Jersey
Second Wife: Eliza Bowen Jumel
Second Marriage: July 1, 1833, Washington Heights, New York
Died: September 14, 1836, Staten Island, New York
Burial Site: Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, New Jersey
Home State: New York
Party: Democratic-Republican
Career Highlights: -Grandson of Jonathan Edwards, noted Colonial clergyman -His father, Aaron Burr, Sr, was a founder of Princeton University -Graduated from Princeton, then called the College of New Jersey (1772) -Col. in Continental Army, including service with George Washington at Valley Forge (1775-79) -Admitted to New York State bar (1782) -Served several terms in the New York State Assembly (1780s-1790s) -Attorney General of New York (1789-90) -Senator from New York (1791-97) -Received Electoral Votes for President (1792 & 1796) -Vice President of the United States (1801-05) -The Twelfth Amendment was passed (1804) as a result of the contest between Burr and Jefferson for the Presidency -Unsuccessful candidate for Governor of New York (1804) -Killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel while serving as Vice President (1804) -Presided over the Senate's impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase (1805) -Tried for and acquitted of treason, over events in the Mississippi Territory (1807) -His political career over, he became a successful lawyer

 

George Clinton - 4th Vice President

Administration: Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
Term: March 4, 1805 to April 20, 1812
Born: July 26, 1739, Little Britain, New York
Wife: Cornelia Tappen
Marriage: February 7, 1770, Ulster County, New York
Died: April 20, 1812, Washington, DC
Burial Site: Old Dutch Churchyard, Kingston, New York
Home State: New York
Party: Democratic-Republican
Career Highlights: -Admitted to the New York State bar (1755) -Fought in the French and Indian War (1758) -Elected to the New York State Assembly (1768) -Delegate to the Continental Congress (1775-76) -Served as Brigadier-General during the Revolutionary War (1775-77) -He was the first Governor of New York, and the longest serving Governor, with 21 years in office (1777-95 and 1801-04) -He opposed the ratification of the Constitution, and later served as Vice President to James Madison, the main author of the Constitution -Received Electoral Votes for President (1789, 1792 and 1796) -Vice President of the United States (1805-09) -The first Vice President to be elected as a "Running Mate" under the terms of the Twelfth Amendment (1804) -The first of two Vice Presidents to serve under two Presidents -Unsuccessfully sought his party's Presidential nomination and agreed to serve again as Vice President (1808) -Died in office (1812)

 

Elbridge Gerry - 5th Vice President

Administration: James Madison
Term: March 4, 1813 to November 23, 1814
Born: July 17, 1744, Marblehead, Massachusetts
Wife: Ann Thompson
Marriage: January 12, 1786, New York City, New York
Died: November 23, 1814, Washington, DC
Burial Site: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, DC
Home State: Massachusetts
Party: Democratic-Republican
Career Highlights: -Graduated from Harvard College (1762) -Member, General Court of Massachusetts (1772) -Member of the Massachusetts Legislature (1773) -Member of the Continental Congress (1776-81) -Signer of The Declaration of Independence (1776) -Signer of The Articles of Confederation (1777) -Delegate to the Constitutional Convention (1787) -He opposed the ratification of the Constitution, and later served as Vice President to James Madison, the main author of the Constitution (1787-1788) -Elected to the First and Second Congresses (1789-1793) -As Envoy to France, was part of the XYZ Affair, an international diplomatic incident (1797) -Unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Massachusetts (1801) -Elected Governor of Massachusetts (1810 & 1811) -His efforts to influence election results by manipulating the size and shape of legislative districts, a process now known as "gerrymandering", cost him re-election to the governorship (1811) -Vice President of the United States (1813-14) -The second of James Madison's Vice Presidents to die in office (1814)

 

Daniel D. Tompkins - 6th Vice President

Administration: James Monroe
Term: March 4, 1817 to March 4, 1825
Born: June 21, 1774, Scarsdale, New York
Wife: Hannah Minthorne
Marriage: February 20, 1798, New York City, New York
Died: June 11, 1825, Staten Island, New York
Burial Site: St. Mark’s Church in the Bowery, New York City, New York
Home State: New York
Party: Democratic-Republican
Career Highlights: -Graduated from Columbia College (1795) -Admitted to the New York State bar (1797) -Elected to New York State Assembly (1803) -Elected to US House of Representatives, but resigned before his term began to join the New York Supreme Court (1804) -Governor of New York (1807-17) -A major force behind outlawing slavery in New York -Raised money to defend against the British in the War of 1812, going into personal debt -Vice President of the United States (1817-25) -The Monroe Administration coincides with what is called the Era of Good Feelings -Died shortly after leaving office (1825)

 

John Caldwell Calhoun - 7th Vice President

Administration: John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson
Term: March 4, 1825 to December 28, 1832
Born: March 18, 1782, Abbeville District, South Carolina
Wife: Floride Bonneau Calhoun
Marriage: January 8, 1811, Bonneau’s Ferry, South Carolina
Died: March 31, 1850
Burial Site: St. Paul’s Episcopal Church Cemetery, Pendleton, South Carolina
Home State: South Carolina
Party: Democratic-Republican
Career Highlights: -Graduated from Yale College (1804) -Admitted to the South Carolina bar (1807) -South Carolina House of Representatives (1808-09) -US Representative from South Carolina (1811-17) -Secretary of War (1817-25) -Vice President of the United States (1825-32) -Supported the doctrine of nullification, the theory that states can reject federal laws -The first of two Vice Presidents to resign in office (1832) -US Senator from South Carolina (1832-43) -Secretary of State (1844-45) -US Senator from South Carolina (1832-43) -One of "The Great Triumvirates" of Senators, with Henry Clay and Daniel Webster -Died while serving as a U S Senator (1850)

 

Martin Van Buren - 8th Vice President

Administration: Andrew Jackson
Term: March 4, 1833 to March 4, 1837
Born: December 5, 1782, Kinderhook, New York
Wife: Hannah Hoes
Marriage: February 21, 1807, Catskill, New York
Died: July 24, 1814, Kinderhook, New York
Burial Site: Kinderhook Cemetery, Kinderhook, New York
Home State: New York
Party: Democrat
Career Highlights: -Admitted to the New York State bar (1803) -New York State Senate (1813-20) -New York State Attorney General (1815-19) -US Senate from New York (1821-28) -Governor of New York (1829); resigned to become Secretary of State -Secretary of State (1829-31) -Appointed Minister to Great Britain (1831), he arrived in London to find his nomination rejected by the Senate -Vice President of the United States (1833-37) -President of the United States (1837-41) -The third of five Vice Presidents to be elected to the Presidency on his own (1836) -Ruined politically by the Panic of 1837 -Defeated in his bid for re-election to the Presidency by William Henry Harrison (1840) -Ran unsuccessfully for his party's Presidential nomination (1844) -Ran unsuccessfully for President again on the Free Soil Party ticket (1848) -Retired to his home in Kinderhook, NY (1848) -His nickname, "Old Kinderhook, " is said to be the source of the expression "OK"

 

Richard Mentor Johnson - 9th Vice President

Administration: Martin Van Buren
Term: March 4, 1837 to March 4, 1841
Born: October 17, 1780, Bryant’s Station, Kentucky
Wife: Julia Chinn
Marriage: common-law
Died: November 18, 1850, Frankfort, Kentucky
Burial Site: Frankfort Cemetery, Frankfort, Kentucky
Home State: Kentucky
Party: Democrat
Career Highlights: -Admitted to the Kentucky bar (1802) -Kentucky House of Representatives (1807-13) -US House of Representatives from Kentucky (1807-19) -Colonel of Kentucky volunteers during the War of 1812 (1813) -Claimed to have killed Tecumseh, commander of the Indian confederacy forces, in the Battle of the Thames (1813) -Kentucky House of Representatives (1819) -US Senate from Kentucky (1819-29) -Kentucky House of Representatives (1829-37) -Vice President of the United States (1837-41) -Because no candidate received a majority of the Electoral Vote, the Senate, as required by the Twelfth Amendment, elected Johnson Vice President (1836) -Defeated in re-election bid with Van Buren (1840) -Kentucky House of Representatives (1841-42) -Retired from public life (1842)

 

John Tyler (1841) - 10th Vice President

Administration: William Henry Harrison
Term: March 4, 1841 to April 4, 1841
Born: March 29, 1790, Charles City County, Virginia
Wife: Letitia Christian
Marriage: March 29, 1813, New Kent County, Virginia
Second Wife: Julia Gardiner
Second Marriage: June 26, 1844, New York City, New York
Died: January 18, 1862, Richmond, Virginia
Burial Site: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia
Home State: Virginia
Party: Whig
Career Highlights: -His father, also named John Tyler, was Governor of Virginia (1808-11) -Graduated from the College of William and Mary (1807) -Admitted to the Virginia bar (1809) -Virginia House of Delegates (1811-16) -Captain of a Virginia militia company during the War of 1812 (1813) -US House of Representatives from Virginia (1817-21) -Virginia House of Delegates (1823-25) -Governor of Virginia (1825-27) -US Senate from Virginia (1827-36) -President Pro Tempore of the Senate (1835-36) -One of several unsuccessful Whig candidates for Vice President (1836) -Virginia House of Delegates (1838-40) -Vice President of the United States (1841) -President of the United States (1841-45) -The first Vice President to become President as a result of the death of a President (1841) -Disowned by the Whig Party over policy conflicts while serving as President (1841-1845) -Distrusted by both Whigs and Democrats, he retired to his plantation (1845) -Chancellor of the College of William and Mary (1859) -President of Peace Conference in Washington, DC, which failed to prevent the coming Civil War (1861) -Twenty years after swearing to uphold the U.S. Constitution as President, he served in as a delegate to the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America, but died before taking office (1862) -Elected to the House of Representatives of the Confederate States of America, he died before taking office (1862) -His son, David Tyler, was a US Representative from Virginia (1893-97)

 

George Mifflin Dallas - 11th Vice President

Administration: James K. Polk
Term: March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1849
Born: July 10, 1792, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Wife: Sophia Chew Nicklin
Marriage: May 23, 1816, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died: December 31, 1864, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Burial Site: St. Peter’s Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Home State: Pennsylvania
Party: Democrat
Career Highlights: -His father, Alexander J. Dallas, was Secretary of the Treasury (1814-16) -Graduated from Princeton (1810) -Admitted to the Pennsylvania bar (1813) -Private Secretary to Albert Gallatin, who was serving as Minister to Russia (1813) -Mayor of Philadelphia (1828-29) -US Senator from Pennsylvania (1831-33) -Attorney General of Pennsylvania (1833-35) -Minister to Russia (1837-39) -Vice President of the United States (1845-49) -As Vice President, he presided over the Senate during the debates over the annexation of Texas and the Mexican-American War (1845-1849) -Minister to Great Britain (1856-61) -Retired from public life (1861)

 

Millard Fillmore - 12th Vice President

Administration: Zachary Taylor
Term: March 4, 1849 to July 9, 1850
Born: January 7, 1800, Summerhill, New York
Wife: Abigail Powers
Marriage: February 5, 1826, Moravia, New York
Second Wife: Caroline Carmichael McIntosh
Second Marriage: February 10, 1858, Albany, New York
Died: March 8, 1874, Buffalo, New York
Burial Site: Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York
Home State: New York
Party: Whig
Career Highlights: -Apprenticed to a wool carder (1815) -School teacher (1818) -Admitted to the New York State bar (1823) -New York State Assembly, as a member of the Anti-Masonic Party (1829-31) -US House of Representatives from New York, as a Whig (1833-35, 1837-43) -Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee (1840-42) -Unsuccessful Whig candidate for Governor (1844) -Commanded a corps of the Home Guard during the Mexican War (1846) -Appointed to the honorary position of Chancellor of the University of Buffalo (1846) -New York State Controller (1848-49) -Vice President of the United States (1849-50) -President of the United States (1850-53) -The second Vice President to become President as a result of the death of a President (1850) -Failed to be renominated by the Whigs (1852) -Nominated for the Presidency by the Whig and American ("Know-Nothing") Parties (1856) -President of the Buffalo Historical Society (1862-67) -Continued to serve in the honorary roll of Chancellor of the University of Buffalo, and took interest in other aspects of Buffalo's civic life

 

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