Richard Nixon 37th President, 1969-1974

Birthplace, Yorba Linda, California
On January 9, 1913, Richard Nixon was born in this little Yorba Linda Farmhouse. his father, Frank Nixon, built this house just a year earlier from a catalogue kit on 8.2 acres of the existing nine-acre museum site. The materials for this house cost $800 in 1912.

His mother was quiet and religious-a gentle Quaker by faith; no one ever said a bad word about her, and Nixon referred to her as “a saint.” His father, however, enjoyed no such regard. Frank Nixon was a loud, bullying man who beat his sons and argued with anyone, especially about politics. He was a hard worker, however, who had helped to build many of the homes and businesses in Yorba Linda, California, while working as a carpenter. The two ran a gasoline station-grocery store in rural Southern California, after a lemon grove business venture failed.

The Birthplace has been restored with attention to historical detail, on the exact spot where President Nixon’s father built it. Although security and sprinkler systems have been installed, no part of the house was rebuilt. Most of the furnishings, including the bed where the President was born and the piano he learned to play are original. The family left Yorba Linda in 1922.

Library & Museum, Yorba Linda, California
The Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace opened its doors on July 19, 1990 with celebration, fanfare and more than 50,000 friends and well wishers including Presidents Nixon, Bush, Reagan and Ford and their First Ladies. It is a privately supported, non-profit institution dedicated to educating the public about the life and times of the 37th President and encouraging interest in history, government and public affairs. The most active, innovative and visited Presidential center in America, it and the Nixon Center in Washington, D.C. conduct a wide range of public affairs programming, ranging from Town Meetings and School Editors Forums to annual National Policy Conferences and an impressive roster of distinguished speakers. The nine acre Library & Birthplace is a three-dimensional walk-through memoir featuring a 52,000 square foot museum, 22 high-tech galleries, movie and interactive video theaters, the spectacular First Lady’s Garden, the President’s faithfully restored 1910′s birthplace, and the flower-ringed memorial sites of President and Mrs. Nixon. Situated in southern California just 15 minutes from Disneyland, the Nixon Library is a dramatic roller coaster ride through half a century of California, U.S. and world history!

Home, Washington, DC
Richard Nixon and his wife, Pat, lived in this house in Washington, DC beginning in 1957, the first year of Richard Nixon’s second term as Vice President in the Eisenhower Administration. They lived here until Nixon’s unsuccessful bid for the Presidency in November 1960. In February 1961, Nixon returned to live in California where he joined a private law firm and wrote the book “Six Crises”. The house is now a private residence.

Gravesite, Yorba Linda, California
Richard Nixon spent much of his post-presidential life attempting to rehabilitate his public image, and to an extent he succeeded. At first the Nixons lived in “La Casa Pacifica,” their new home in San Clemente. Nixon resigned from the California bar, but was disbarred in New York, which prevented him from practicing law. He spent $1.8 million defending himself in various lawsuits relating to his Watergate crimes. He almost died from a blood clot in 1974.

But things began to get better. Nixon authored his memoirs for a large fee. He gave an interview to television personality David Frost for $750,000, which paid many of his debts. In 1976, the Nixons returned east to the lovely community of Saddle River, New Jersey. He and Pat spent many hours with their children and grandchildren, while Nixon wrote his books and dispensed his advice to all who would listen. He authored several well-regarded books and remained an acknowledged expert on foreign policy. Presidents Reagan and Bush began to consult him.

The former president and a group of his friends raised $21 million to establish the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California. Nixon himself contributed $2 million. When it was dedicated, former presidents Ford and Reagan and President Bush all attended, marking Nixon’s full rehabilitation after the Watergate scandals.

Nixon died from complications of a stroke on April 22, 1994, and his funeral drew luminaries from around the globe, including every living president. President Clinton’s eulogy dwelled on Nixon’s great accomplishments, particularly in foreign affairs, rather than on his constitutional crimes.

Richard Nixon rests beside his wife, Pat, just a few steps from the small white house where he was born 81 years before. President Nixon’s gravestone reads: “The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker.” Mrs. Nixon’s gravestone reads: “Even when people can’t speak your language, they can tell if you have love in your heart.”